COPD: When It Strikes You

COPD Will Give You Something To Think About

tha (1)COPD can cause serious issues with one’s ability to breathe, it results from polluted environments which affect the one most important thing we do everyday to survive.

Are ability to breathe is a major lifeline which should be cherished, I wanted to share a story which will probably make you think twice when you pull out your lighter to light up a fresh cigarette stick.

Listen to my sister’s story… 

My sister wasn’t feeling throughout the memorial day weekend, she had to go in to see her doctor after she was telling me how she felt light-headed to the point where she said it felt as if she was about to pass out.

This is nothing new to her, she has been going through this for a while.

She went in a few weeks before after having a few tests ran on her (after the test came back the doctor told her the prognosis which I will discuss very shortly), and she was even prescribed medication which was recommended by her doctor.

But she kept experiencing the light-headedness, and a slight problem with her breathing, so naturally anybody who is demonstrating these particular symptoms would in no doubt be concerned about their immediate condition.  

This is my big sister, the one who always took me everywhere, took me to the arcade, took me out to eat, you name it, those were the days of fun I have to admit 100%. 

Times have changed after 20+ years, she’s older, I’m older, and with that comes the health factors of aging, not to mention how the body will change as well as the state of one’s health.

After her health analysis was completed, the doctor came up with final thoughts about the “light-headed” symptoms she was experiencing for the last few weeks.

He said she has damage to her lungs (nothing serious in which he concluded which was big time relief), which was a result from years of smoking.

She wasn’t surprised to hear this.

thb (1)When she smoked during her late teen years, all the way up into her 30’s. 

She stopped before giving birth to her two children, and never picked up the habit again.

Now fast forward to now, and she sitting in the hospital bed as the doctor is giving her details about her’s lungs health.

He told her even though she broke the habit of smoking, there was still irreversible damage done to her lungs.

th (1)The reason for her breathing difficulties, were believed to be a result of a respiratory disease called bronchitis  (this is a long-term illness) which is a symptom of (COPD)  or “Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease”, and can negatively affect the functioning capabilities of the respiratory system over-time. 

Long-term exposure to other lung irritants such as air pollution, chemical fumes, or dust also may contribute to COPD. 

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Bad work environments is another factor that can lead to COPD, especially areas which are asbestos inhabited, or dirty areas such as machinery caped in dust, if someone were to take a huge breath and blows the dust into the air (it now becomes a harmful pollutant), and someone unknowingly walks by, breathes it in will not be enough to cause COPD, but on a grand scale (from long-term constant exposure) it would be a much different outcome as it raises their changes significantly.

These are all harmful agents which can cause the disease, most people don’t even realize that symptoms in which they develop could take years before they manifest. So basically, it could be classified as a “silent illness” the individual is not even aware of until they already have it, plus the symptoms that are associated with the disease.  

COPD: What Happens As It Progresses

The disease itself may worsen overtime, this is what my sister was going through from the start of this year.

She complained about the light-headedness a few times, and had to stay a day or two overnight at the hospital until they ran tests on her to come up with a hypothesis to map out what stage she was in with her condition.

She was lucky that her doctor was able to catch her symptoms in the early stages of COPD, so all that is needed for her to do is follow the doctor’s orders until she is better.

There where a few things the doctor told her however, and she said “tell me the tale doc, it’s just best to get it out in the open.” 

He told her that the disease will be ever-present, it’s just something smokers ex-smokers,  will have to deal with for the rest of their natural lives.

th (1)He said also this is exactly why he would urge anybody not to smoke (especially for young people who have started or are thinking about starting). 

Another disturbing fact is that the disease may strike even if the individual is NOT an avid smoker.

If her situation was left unchecked, and it had worsened from where it was she would fall into the ‘severe’ category of people who suffer from COPD. 

So for her here on out, performing simple house chores such as washing clothes, or mopping the bathroom floor, will become difficult, and as she ages the condition may worsen which could place her into the advanced stages of the disease (this means that her respiratory systems may barely function if it’s gets to that point.)

The average person after their diagnosis, who had serious lung damage after years of smoking may be left with 10 -20 years of their life expectancy left. What’s even worse is when a person is diagnosed with COPD, every time the disease progress to the next stage(s) it will reduce anywhere from to years off of their life expectancy.

COPD: Substantiating Factors

COPD – can disrupt the airflow which passes into your lungs, damage to the lungs will reduce the amount of air needed to keep functioning systems (such as the brain) from performing efficiently.

Chronic bronchitis – excessive coughing (symptom), and an over-abundance of “mucus production” (manifests from excessive coughing) are caused by inflammation of the airways. This particular chronic illness is long-term, and can plague the individual from months to years at a time.

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Emphysema – is damage to the air sacs, and the small airways in the lungs itself, (also see Interstitial Lung Disease).

Wheezing, excessive coughing, tightness of the chest, shortness of breath, are symptoms related to COPD. People who deal with it on a daily basis vary within their condition, certain days may be better or worse than others.

COPD: Medications / Solutions

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STIOLTO® RESPIMAT® (tiotropium bromide and olodaterol) – Inhalation Spray is a prescription medicine used long term, two puffs once each day, in controlling symptoms in adults with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). COPD is a chronic lung disease that includes chronic bronchitis, emphysema, or both.

STIOLTO contains the anticholinergic, tiotropium, and the long-acting beta2-adrenergic agonist (LABA), olodaterol. STIOLTO works by helping the muscles around the airways in your lungs stay relaxed to prevent symptoms, such as wheezing, cough, chest tightness, and shortness of breath.

STIOLTO is not for treating sudden symptoms of COPD. Always have a rescue medicine with you to treat sudden symptoms. If you do not have a rescue inhaler, contact your healthcare provider to have one prescribed for you.

(NOTE: Do not use STIOLTO if you have asthma. STIOLTO is approved to treat COPD only.)

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ANORO – is a prescription medicine used to treat chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in adults.

COPD is a chronic lung disease that includes chronic bronchitis, emphysema, or both. ANORO is used long-term as 1 inhalation, 1 time each day, to improve symptoms of COPD for better breathing. ANORO is not used to treat sudden symptoms of COPD and won’t replace a rescue inhaler. ANORO is not for the treatment of asthma.

ANORO ELLIPTA is the first FDA-approved product that contains 2 long-acting bronchodilators in 1 inhaler.

In clinical trials, ANORO ELLIPTA significantly improved lung function more than SPIRIVA® HandiHaler® in people with COPD.

Results shown in 2 of 3 clinical trials. Individual results may vary. SPIRIVA contains 1 long-acting bronchodilator and is used to treat COPD and reduce COPD flare-ups. ANORO is not approved to reduce COPD flare-ups. Each product has its own risks and benefits.

If you have COPD, talk to your doctor to see if ANORO is right for you. ANORO is only approved for use in COPD. ANORO is NOT approved for use in asthma.

People with asthma who take long-acting beta2adrenergic agonist (LABA) medicines, such as vilanterol (one of the medicines in ANORO), have an increased risk of death from asthma problems. It is not known if LABA medicines increase the risk of death in people with COPD. Call your healthcare provider if breathing problems worsen over time while using ANORO.

Get emergency medical care if your breathing problems worsen quickly or if you use your rescue inhaler but it does not relieve your breathing problems.

Do not use ANORO to treat sudden breathing problems. Always have a rescue inhaler with you to treat sudden symptoms.

ANORO is not for the treatment of asthma. It is not known if ANORO is safe, and effective in people with asthma.

  • Do not use ANORO if you have a severe allergy to milk proteins or any of the ingredients in ANORO. Ask your healthcare provider if you are not sure.

  • Do not use ANORO more often than prescribed.

  • Do not take ANORO with other medicines that contain a LABA or an anticholinergic for any reason. Tell your healthcare provider about all the medicines you take and about all of your health conditions. Especially tell your healthcare provider if you take anticholinergics, including tiotropium, ipratropium, aclidinium, or atropine.

ANORO can cause serious side effects, including:

  • Rash
  • Hives
  • Swelling of your face, mouth, and tongue
  • Breathing problems
  • Increased blood pressure
  • A fast or irregular heartbeat, awareness of heartbeat
  • Chest pain
  • Tremor
  • Nervousness
  • Eye pain or discomfort
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Blurred vision
  • Seeing halos or bright colors around lights
  • Red eyes

If you have sudden breathing problems immediately after inhaling your medicine, stop using ANORO and call your healthcare provider right away.

Serious allergic reactions – Call your healthcare provider or get emergency medical care if you get any of the following symptoms of a serious allergic reaction:

  • Effects on heart 
  • Effects on nervous system
  • New or worsened eye problems, including acute narrow-angle glaucoma – An acute narrow-angle glaucoma (disease) can cause permanent loss of vision if not treated. 

If you have these symptoms, call your healthcare provider right away before taking another dose.

 

  • Urinary retention – People who take ANORO may develop new or worse urinary retention.

Symptoms of urinary retention may include:

  • difficulty urinating
  • painful urination
  • urinating frequently
  • urination in a weak stream or drips

If you have these symptoms of urinary retention, stop taking ANORO and call your healthcare provider right away before taking another dose.

Changes in laboratory blood levels – including high levels of blood sugar (hyperglycemia), and low levels of potassium (hypokalemia).

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Common side effects of ANORO include:

  • sore throat
  • sinus infection
  • lower respiratory infection
  • common cold symptoms
  • constipation
  • diarrhea
  • pain in your arms or legs
  • muscle spasms

Interstitial lung disease (ILD) –or pulmonary fibrosis– refers to more than 200 chronic lung disorders. With ILD, the tissue between the air sacs of the lungs (the interstitium) is affected by inflammation or scarring (fibrosis).

List of disorders from (ILD) are:

  • Chronic
  • Non-malignant (not directly cancerous)
  • Non-infectious (you can’t pass the disease to another person)

Fibrosis causes lung tissue to permanently lose the ability to breathe and carry oxygen. Air sacs, as well as the lung tissue between and surrounding the air sacs, and the lung capillaries, are destroyed by the formation of scar tissue.

To learn more visit the following link(s) in the description below at:

http://www.perforomist.com/en/about-copd/copd?utm_medium=cpc&utm_term=copd_phrase&utm_content=copd%20general&utm_campaign=dtc_unbranded%20-%20general&utm_source=bing

 

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Congestive Heart Failure What Causes It?

Understanding What Congestive Heart Failure Is

IMG_0001 2Many people think that a disease like Congestive Heart Failure is when the heart has stopped working, but this is not true you see it’s the exact opposite of that it is when the heart pumps blood in a weaken state.

Blood will travel through the heart slowly, this will cause pressure to build up in the heart itself. What’s worse is that nutrients and oxygen flowing through the body, will have a hard time getting to different areas of the body itself thus forms the problem of deficiencies

IMG_0002The chambers of the heart will begin to stretch in order to continue to pump more blood through the body, the problem is however will be the restriction of the blood trying to travel through (due to the stiffness / thickness of the blood in the chambers of the heart).  The heart will lose it’s ability to pump blood that is needed for the body, the muscle walls of the heart will become weakened and as a result the kidneys will start to retain water (fluid) as well as salt in the body.

This will cause a condition known as Gout to take effect on the organs of the body as well as the muscle regions and it is a painful condition for the person to endure, the following bullet list will show where Gout can strike:

  • Arms (swelling / stiffness)
  • Legs (swelling / stiffness)
  • Feet & Ankles (swelling / stiffness)
  • Lungs & other vital organs (inflammation / internal bleeding)

When parts of the body is stricken by this condition, it will make the person feel very uncomfortable putting them into a congestive state of health. There are other diseases that can manifest from congestive heart failure such as Coronary Artery Disease or (CAD) which is when the arteries IMG_0004 3that suppiles the oxygen and blood for the heart become restricted (decreased), and just like the stomach (lack of food) if the heart cannot receive blood and nutrients (due to blockage in the arteries) it will become starved causing damage to the heart itself.

The next thing that can happen if the coronary artery is blocked completely and blood cannot enter through, will cause a heart attack as a result which is deadly and potentially fatal to the individual. Damage to the heart will occur, and can leave scarred tissue in the heart that does not fuction efficiently.

IMG_0003 2People who are alcohol / drug abusers that cause damage to their hearts is from the term called Cardiomyopathythis can cause the heart to become weakened because of the blood flow problems in the body, artery blockage (plague build-up). And the most common type of heart trauma can concur from extreme work conditions or tension that is placed on the heart, read the list ot find out more about heart diseases that can come from stressing the heart and hereditary traits that can also be a factor:

  • Thyroid Disease
  • Diabetes
  • Kidney Disesase
  • High Blood Pressure
  • Heart Valve Disease
  • Heart Defects (present at birth / hereditary)

Any of the mentioned factor above can lead to heart disease, this doesn’t even include the fact that multiple conditions can also manifest within the individual.

Congestive Heart Failure: Symptoms That Manifest

The obvious part of Congestive Heart Failure would be the swelling and stiffness of theIMG_0005 muscles that will cause great pain and discomfort, other symptoms such as blood present in urine. The body does it’s part to warn you when it is in trouble, it does not matter what aliment you face it just matters that you recognize symptoms that can be trying to tell you that you need to seek immediate medical attention ASAP (as soon as possible). Such is the case for congestive heart failure and how it can savagely change a person’s health from excellent to mundane in a short period of time.

My Father fell victim to it in 2011, and in this it was very hard for me to sit and watch him just go from great health to barely being able to get out of his wheel chair when he had to go to partcipate in physical therapy sessions. For me it was very hard to phatom the very idea that he was dying and it was nothing me and my family could do about it… It just breaks my heart.

He had symptoms of gout that really took him through a lot of pain, his knees, hands, feet, & ankles were constantly swollen, and he had internal bleeding in the liver. He faced the same heart problems that many have faced each year from this viral disease, he also had other troubles that came about as well. On his 69th birthday I brought him a birthday card, and a few hours later he called me and said I’ll never forget this

“Why didn’t you get me a birthday card!”

I paused, my Mom paused, and we looked at each other then she turned to him and said.

“Baby, Jaye did get you a card it’s right there on your table tray.”

I knew then he was demostrating signs of Alzheimer’s Diseaseafter that I was lost in heavy thought and frustration because I was totally losing my Dad. A month after his birthday he lost his battle to the disease.

“Rest in peace Pops you don’t have to suffer anymore you’re finally free!” 🙂

Sorry I didn’t mean to get sidetracked but I hate to see anybody go through pain like that, but that was some of the symptoms that I witnessed myself when my Father suffered from this disease, and I wasn’t told in complete detials from my Mother of any other symptoms that he could have develop during his hardship with a list of aliments.

At the end of the article entry I will provide a link for you guys to learn other aliments that can concurr from it, but for now we have one more section to talk about in this passage so let’s hop to it shall we.

Congestive Heart Failure: Treatment Options

The doctor can provide many options that can help individauls that have heart problems, urgency in recognizing the symptoms (indicators) of it right away will help the doctor determine your diagnosis very quickly. Medication is a definite choice to consider when prescirbed by a physician, depending on your condition the physician should take great care in providing the proper medication for the individual’s aliment.

There are other medical drugs that can provide even more alternatives, the list below will state that meaning and effectiveness when used to manage symptoms of heart failure.

  • Diuretics & Digoxin – is prescribe by the physician which leads to the point of the medication’s purpose which is to help to reduce the buildup of fluid in the body, and at the same time help to strengthen and regulate your heartbeat; Digoxin is also referred by the name “Lanoxin”.
  • BiDil (isosorbide dinitrate/hydralazine) – This is a combination drug is used for people who still have remaining symptoms of heart failure, the combination of ACE inhibitor & beta-blocker can help the heart to fuction more efficiently. This drug has been under study and helps to improve the survival rate amongst African-Americans (studies are inconclusive whether or not BiDil would be effective for other ethnic groups) that deal with symptoms of heart failure.
  • ACE inhibitors & ARBs – Both enalapril and lisinopril are considered the focal point in terms of drug treatment for people that suffer with congestive heart failure. ACE inhibtors helps to improve the blood flow through the blood vessels, in the same process it also reduces the progression of (CHD)Blood pressure is also reduced, and the heartbeat is regulated to relieve stress as it pumps blood through the body (the heart does not strain itself which can bring about symptoms related to heart disease).
  • Aldosterone blockers – both eplerenone & Spironolactone can prevent activity of the hormone known as aldosterone, this medication is used for heart attack victims by reducing the sodium levels (it helps to regulate blood flow) it can also reduce the chances of both heart failure and hospitalization for the victim.
  • Beta-blockers – These combination drugs are known as metoprolol carvedilol will help the heart to fuction at it’s normal rate (relieves stress on the heart), it is an effective treatment medication option for people who suffer from congestive heart failure.

To learn more visit the following link(s) in the description below at:

http://www.csun.edu/~hcmth011/chaser/article1.html

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Blurred Vision (The Reasons Why)

Blurred Vision (The Cause)

IMG_0008[2]People who experience blurred vision will undergo a lot of frustration due to the fact that it is very difficult for them to see objects either far or near, this is known as “farsighted” and the other would be “nearsighted”.

The in between area would be the idea range of sight that many people refer to as 20/20 vision, believe it or not different parts of the world have a large percentage of the combined populations of these countries (and you can throw us into the number crunch game as well right here in the U.S.) that have an issue with blurred vision.

Most just wave it off as something that comes and goes or they may think it has something to do with the weather, but it isn’t something that you should either guess about or just ignore thinking that it will just go away.

No, No, that’s the first thing that you should NOT do, that is where people get into trouble because again your body can act as an indicator when something is wrong so make it a habit to be noisy (and not afraid) to find out what the problem could be.

So a few things can contribute to blurry vision or even reduced vision, this term that deals with this very same problem is called Optic Neuritis which is the regression of vision or “reduced vision”. It can also lead to blindness if immediate care from a doctor is not administered, there are other symptoms that could be present which can worsen these conditions are:

  • Swelling of the optic nerve
  • Eye irritation
  • Pink Eye (minor symptom eye infection)
  • Herpes in the eye(s) *corneal infection*

It is often a mystery of what can bring about optic neuritis, and because it is dealing with the eye a number of disease can also be a contributing possibly for the cause. Multiple Sclerosis is a disease that can cause it, or Neuromyelitis Optica which can affect both the optic nerve and the spinal cord due to inflammation and demyelination. The immune system can also affect your sight, or exposure to any types of toxic substances that can damage the optic nerve in the eye.

Aging is the natural cause as a person gets to a certain age and can start to experience blurred vision, cataracts are known to decrease vision and is the leading cause for it in Seniors.

The clouding of vision due to opacification which takes at the back of the retina blocking light making it difficult for one to see clearly, this will eventually lead to further visual problems if either surgery to remove cataracts or cataract eye remedies that can help to relieve the issue.

Obstructed Vision is an issue with one’s vision due to “blocked view”, the term for this condition with vision problem is called Carotid Artery BlockageThis is when the carotid arteries (there are 2 on each side of the neck) become compromised with such things like plague or clots which breaks loose in the artery wall, this will lead to blockage in the carotid artery and as a result will restrict the flow of blood to a great degree causing blindness, or blurry vision in the eye(s).

Ocular Ischemic Syndrome is the result from decreased blood flow to the eye, this particular eye condition usually affects people in their 50’s and up. A high percentage rate of this eye aliment often affects one eye, vision is affected making it frustrating for the person to see clearly (or the cause of blurred vision).

Glaucoma is known as a vision disorder that can lead to blindness if it is not treated, there is damage done to the optic nerve (which can go undetected) due to the fact of increased pressure build-up (fluid in the eye accumulates). As a result sudden blurred vision can impair sight, which is known as “acute glaucoma”. Symptoms of it are:

  • Intense eye pain
  • Impaired night vision
  • Seeing halos when looking at bright lights
  • Loss of vision in both sides of the eye

Retinal Detachment is a serious eye issue that requires surgery, and it is injury to the eye that causes the displacement of the retina (becoming detached from the eye). Dark shadows can be the result from it that sits at the edge of one’s “field of vision”, the person will also experience floating tiny objects in the front of their eyes and sudden flashing lights.

Diabetic Retinopathy is a vision-loss issue that derives from diabetes, inflammation affects the retina from the inside (internal) which is a related symptom to the disease. Bleeding will occur inside of the retina, making it very difficult for the person to see causing blurred vision.

People need to be aware to that the fact that blurred vision can complicate other health factors that they probably don’t know about, did you know that blurred vision can be an indicator for a stroke? No of course you probably didn’t know that, but this is why you need to stay aware about eye related diseases that can kill you day by day without your recognition.

Alright until next time, eat smart to stay healthy.

 

 

Visit the following link(s) in the description below at:

http://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2014/05/05/foods-eyesight-improvement.aspx

http://www.rebuildyourvision.com/blog/food-for-your-eyes/how-caffeine-affects-eyesight/

http://www.bbc.com/future/story/20140513-do-glasses-weaken-your-eyesight

https://twitter.com/IronsJaye