Pancreatic Cancer

Pancreatic Cancer: How It Strikes

How many people do you think wonder whether or not if they are a target for Pancreatic Cancer?

The idea amount is very shocking, as a matter of fact, it can be downright scary.

The reason I say that is because of this type of disease which seems to strike people out of the blue, the warning signs are hard to detect right away.

So you’re probably thinking…

“If that’s the case, how could you have any remote possible chance to tell if you’re a prime candidate for this illness?”

thQuestion such as this will pop up, and it’s only to be expected because we live in a world today which is centered in the middle of environmental hazards, or the water we drink, if you really want to get on a personal level about it, the food eat consume every day as play a major role in our internal health.

So to pinpoint this particular illness which strike the pancreas, we will need indicators (a.k.a “Symptoms” which eventually start to make it’s presence known).

thPancreatic cancer when the glandular organ behind the stomach begins to multiply out of control and form a mass (lumpy mass formation), this is classified as a “viral cancer”.  Jaundice (is yellowing of the skin and whites of the eyes), pain is experienced in the upper or middle abdomen and back are associated with this condition.

They are also various types of Pancreatic Cancer, pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) are often different, so they are described separately. Another scary fact about this disease, are the manifestation of symptoms in which the individual starts to notice. Pancreatic (NETs) can vary, signs may or may not

appear.

Talk about your silent killer, it’s diseases such as these which attacks the body in random fashion making the individual feel extremely vulnerable to it.

However the case may be about the disease’s relentlessness, there are many that have a chink in their armor (meaning they can be dealt with through medical, and other conventional means to eradicate it inside of the body). 

First we have to understand the tumor types which fuels the cancer itself.

Benign, Malignant, Exocrine tumors, Are The Main Factors. 

Tumors are the main focus in many cancers which effect us, benign types, are less threatening because they are stationary (depending if they growth near an organ and press against them), malignant tumors are more dangerous because they “migrate” throughout the body (this is classified as a viral infection cancer).

Adenocarcinomas are identified as exocrine tumors,they are responsible for over 90% of related cases.

th (1)Adenocarcinomas often manifest within the ducts, (or hollow passageways) which connects the pancreas to the duodenum which is located in the upper part of the small intestine (ductal adenocarcinomas).

Adenocarcinomas which originate in the cells may sometimes produce pancreatic enzymes, they are known as acinar cell carcinomas.

Treatment and prognosis of exocrine tumors gravitate toward the amount of time they have spread within the body (this greatly depends on the “cancer stage”, instead of the exact kind of cancer affecting the host).

The earliest detection of an invading tumor is always the best case scenario, if the disease is caught before it spreads erratically throughout the body, the prognosis outcome is generally better. These tumors are often removed surgically using either the Whipple procedure, distal pancreatectomy or, rarely, total pancreatectomy.

Unfortunately, cancers of the exocrine pancreas do not typically manifests symptoms until they have spread to other parts of the body, and they cannot be easily detected by a doctor during a physical exam.

A key exception is that of obstructive jaundice (yellowing of the eyes & skin), in which the tumor grows in the region of the pancreatic head and blocks the flow of bile from the liver into the duodenum.

Obstructive jaundice is a very serious condition which threatens the individual’s well-being, seek immediate medical attention as soon as possible. It is deemed incurable” especially when cancer of the exocrine pancreas continuously spreads, treatment options may still be an option however through a combination of methods such as surgery, radiation, and chemotherapy (it does however depends on the stage progression of the cancer, which will determine the overall outcome when treatment methods are applied).

Pancreatic Cancer Locating / Treatment Options:

th (1)Pancreatic cancer treatment depends on what stage (how far it has progressed within a region of the body) the disease is in. For pancreatic cancer, it is one of the most important factors which can ultimately determine the treatment option (unless it has spread far beyond possible treatment options).

Your doctor may use several tools to determine whether or not the cancer growth extends beyond the pancreas. Examination equipment will help them to examine the progression of the disease within the body.

Doctor may decide on performing additional tests, (laparoscopy, chest X-ray or bone scan are various procedures taken to pinpoint the cancer infection). 

  1. Laparoscopy – A small incision is made (small ‘slit’ opening made with a surgical knife) in the abdomen to closely explore the normality of the area.
  2. Chest X-Ray – Is another method which can be used to examine in chest region — via through the use of a high-powered imaging machine. Using the machine can help the health-care examiner locate various infectious diseases inside of our bodies.
  3. Bone Cancer Scan – this particular machine will scan areas with

Causes of Pancreatic Cancer include:

  • Cigarette smoking.
  • Chronic pancreatitis.
  • A family history of pancreatic cancer.
  • Obesity.

Depending on various tumor mass development, surgical approaches are utilized for the purpose of cancer eradication which may be located in the head, body, tail, or uncinate process of the pancreas.

Pancreatic cancer symptoms depend on the site of the tumor within the pancreas and the degree of tumor involvement.

In the early stages of pancreatic cancer there are not many noticeable symptoms. As the cancer grows, symptoms may include the following:

  • Jaundice.
  • Light-colored stools or dark urine.
  • Pain in the upper or middle abdomen and back.
  • Weight loss for no known reason.
  • Loss of appetite.
  • Fatigue.

thPancreatic Cancer is difficult to prognosis this disease, as well as to detect it right away due to the following scenarios:

  • There are no noticeable signs or symptoms in the early stages of pancreatic cancer.
  • The signs of pancreatic cancer, when present, are like the signs of many other illnesses, such as pancreatitis or an ulcer.
  • The pancreas is obscured by other organs in the abdomen and is difficult to visualize clearly on imaging tests.

Imaging technology is an important resource to consider as a key diagnosis option for detecting pancreatic cancer. Identifying patients who are living with the disease, not amenable to resection. Imaging tests that may be used include the following

  • Helical computed tomographic (scan).
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (scan).
  • Endoscopic ultrasound.
  • Laparoscopy & laparoscopic ultrasound may be used to decrease the use of laparotomy.

-The primary factors that influence prognosis are:

  • Whether the tumor is localized and can be completely resected.
  • Whether the tumor has spread to lymph nodes or elsewhere.

Exocrine pancreatic cancer is rarely curable and has an overall survival (OS) rate of less than 6%.[10]

The highest cure rate occurs if the tumor is truly localized to the pancreas; however, this stage of disease accounts for less than 20% of cases. For patients with localized disease and small cancers (<2 cm) with no lymph node metastases and no extension beyond the capsule of the pancreas, complete surgical resection is associated with an actuarial 5-year survival rate of 18% to 24%.[11][Level of evidence: 3iA]

Surgical resection is the mainstay of curative treatment and provides a survival benefit in patients with small, localized pancreatic tumors. Patients with unresectable, metastatic, or recurrent disease are unlikely to benefit from surgical resection.

Pancreatic tumors are resistant to treatment with chemotherapy and radiation.

Patients with any stage of pancreatic cancer can appropriately be considered candidates for clinical trials because of the poor response to chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and surgery as conventionally used.

Palliative Therapy

Palliation of symptoms may be achieved with conventional treatment.

Palliative measures that may improve quality of life while not affecting OS include the following:[12,13]

  • Surgical or radiologic biliary decompression.
  • Relief of gastric outlet obstruction.
  • Pain control.
  • Psychological care to address the potentially disabling psychological events associated with the diagnosis and treatment of pancreatic cancer.

 

 

To learn more visit the following link(s) in the description below at:

  

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMHT0021889/ 

https://twitter.com/IronsJaye

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